Web Site Project Link

http://h00284191.wix.com/mysite

 

Group Members:

Salma Ahmed Bajaber   – H00283751

Alyazi Helal Al Mansouri – H00283271

Fatima Yousuf Alhosani – H00256657

Manal Jassem – H00284191

Section: 22

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Ethnocentrism

 

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1. Find 3 things about a different culture that you didn’t know before.

 a)  THE DANI TRIBE CUT OFF FINGERS IN MOURNING

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The Dani people of Western New Guinea have a unique mourning process. It was a traditional for older women to cut off segments of their finger to show their mourning after the death of the family member (Smith, n.d).

 b) MEN JUMP OVER BABIES IN BURGOS, SPAIN

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Called “El Salto del Colacho,” or “the Devil’s Jump,” men in Burgos, Spain wear like the Devil and jump over babies born during the last year. Moreover, it is a Catholic tradition thought to cleanse the infants of original sin. Also, provide protection throughout their life (Smith, n.d).

c) FEMALE INFANTICIDE IS STILL PRACTICED IN PARTS OF INDIA

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Female infanticide, or the killing of newborn baby girls, is a common practice in cultures where having a female child is detrimental to the health of the family or tribe. Moreover, the other case is the one commonly found in India and other cultures that have dowries (a sum of money offered to a possible husband with his new bride). If a family can’t increase a suitable dowry, it’s easier for them to kill the baby girl. Besides that, the ultrasound test is ban in India because when married ladies know that they pregnant with baby girl, they immediately miscarriage their baby girl (Smith, n.d).

 2. What are some problems with ethnocentrism in the UAE?

In the UAE men can marry four ladies. Allah, (sharia) or Islamic law allows men to get married to 4 ladies. It is very different than other culture which allows them to marry only one lady and if he divorced from her so, he can marry to another lady. Besides that, according to Holy book (Quran) men can get married 4 wives but if he cannot treat them fairly and equally between his wives, so it is better from him to get married only to one lady. Added to that, there are reasons when Allah allowed that. For example, if the first wife is sick, and she cannot take care to him and the kids so, in this situation he can marry to second lady or wife.  Also, if the first wife has medical issues that she cannot be pregnant so, the husband can get marry to second lady instead of being in illegally relationship with her.

 3. How could these problems be overcome?

  The UAE culture based from the Islamic law. Islamic law is the main source of legislation.  Also, most of the rules, regulations and laws comes from the Islamic law which also has a detailed explanation of how people to deal with each other on issues such as marriage, divorce, guardianship, the rights of parents, wives and children, trade, minors affairs, inheritance and custody of the children after divorce. The UAE cultures and other cultures are very different in many things so, both of them have to accept and understand the differences between them and to understand clearly that some situations which are allowed and acceptable in our culture, while in their culture is not. As a result, both cultures must to focus in how they can improve their selves by working to gather, creating ideas, sharing knowledge, improving skills, learning new technique in using technology and solving problems. Finally, the most important thing is that they have to achieve their country’s or organization’s goals so, they have to avoid the barriers which affect negatively to their goals.

References

Smith, B. (n.d). 19 Things Other Cultures Practice That You’ll Never Believe. Retrieved from http://www.rantlifestyle.com: http://www.rantlifestyle.com/2015/09/12/15-things-other-cultures-practice-that-youll-never-believe/

 

Three Colours Stories

 

 

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1. Alvie eats soup story

This type of story shows one type of the Three Colours Worldview which is Honor/Shame Societies. There are some examples that display the shame in Alvie’s eats soup story. Firstly, when Alvie’s dad said “Alvie granny was a world-famous chef”. This situation shows how Alvie dad feels of shame because his son only eats soup whereas his grandmother is a famous chef. Secondly, when grandmother went foods as a gift to Alvie (grandson), Alvie’s dad lied when he wrote the letter to his mother by writing that Alvie love the food while he did not.

2. Robot racers story

The scenario of this story explains type of the Three Colours Worldview which is Innocence /Guilt Societies because of Tanktop cheats Squeak. For example, Tanktop stoles Cyber Sid’s memory chip. In addition, Tanktop rest Betty Byte’s build-in alarm clock to let Squeaky be late from the race and beings the winner. Besides that, Tanktop creates a lot of problems for Squeaky. For instance, he puts nails, oil and cuts Squeaky’s telescopic arms. However, in the end of the story, Squeaky won the race which indicates that being cheat is always loser and being honest is always winner.  

3. THE GRUFFALO

The scenario of this story explains another type of the Three Colors Worldview which is Power/ Fear Societies. According to the story, mouse exploits his relationship with the Gruffalo to fear the snake and the fox. When the mouse describes the Gruffalo, he said, “he has a terrible tusks, and terrible claws and terrible teeth in his terrible jaws” which makes the snake and fox be afraid. In addition, he used many characteristics to describe the Gruffalo like his eyes are orange, his tongue is black and he has purple prickles all over his back in order to create fear and make a sense of power.

Group Members:

  1. Salma Ahmed Bajaber – H00283751
  2. Alyazi Helal – H00283271
  3. Fatima Yousuf – H00256657
  4. Manal Jassem – H00284191

 

Three Colours Worldview

 
 My was: Honor/shame: 7

Guilt/innocence: 8

Power/fear: 6

There are 6 views refers to my personality interpretation of reality, or basic view of life:

1. Relay on verbal commitment to build relations.

2. Don’t blame the individual in public even when it is his/her fault.

3. Group is held accountable for growth and improving performance.

4. Places higher value on the pursuit of group goals.

5. Rewards performance based on strong loyalty and compliance.

6. Fairness, consistency and transparency are important.

Hofstede’s Six Dimensions🌈 Team Work 🌈

Hofstede’s Six Dimensions
Summary

According to Greert Hofstede “culture is the collective programming of the mind distinguishing the members of one group or category of people from another. The category can refer to nations, regions within or across nations, ethnicities, religions, occupations, organizations, or the genders”.Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory is a context for multicultural communication. It defines the effects of s society’s culture in the beliefs of its members, and how these beliefs relate to behavior, using a structure derived from factor analysis.

1- Power distance ( PDI)

Refers to the way in which power is distributed and the extent to which the less powerful accept that power is distributed unequally. For instance, China has a score of 80 power distance whereas Brazil has score a 69.

2- Individualism and collectivism ( IDV)

Individualism: People taking care of themselves, self-orientation, individual goals and everyone has a right to private life with “I” mentality. For example, the UAE has 25of individualism while US has of individualism.

Collectivism: Loyal to group, Care of family, communities, mentality country with “We” mentality. For example, Korea is very loyal to their families and fellow members and people feel a sense of obligation not just to their immediate. For instance, Germany can be considered as individualistic with a relatively high score (67) on the scale of Hofstede compared to a country like Guatemala where they have strong collectivism (6 on the scale).

3- Uncertainty Avoidance (UAI)

It is a state wherein results and conditions are unknown or changeable. Moreover, uncertainty avoiding cultures try to reduce the possibility of such circumstances by strict laws and rules, safety and security measures, and on the philosophical and religious level by a belief in absolute Truth; ‘there can only be one Truth and we have it’. For example, the UAE has a score of 80 in uncertainty avoidance while Australia has a score of 57.

4- Masculinity vs. femininity (MAS)

Masculinity: is the trait which emphasize ambition, acquisition of wealth, and differentiated gender roles. It is greater focus on the quality of life, relationships and elements of life. Femininity: is the trait which stress caring and nurturing behaviors, sexuality equality. Environment awareness and more fluid gender roles. For example, France has a lower percent of masculinity which is 43, but Japan has a higher percent which is 95.

5- Long term orientation vs. short term orientation (LTO)

In Long term orientation people prepare for future. Also, they have ability to adapt traditions in changed condition, and they have perseverance in achieving result. For example, Iran has a sore 14 in long term orientation, and Canada has a score of 36. But, In short term orientation the tradition and norms are more important. In addition, people in short term orientation focus on achieving quick results instead of long term orientation.

6- Indulgence vs. restraint (IND)

Indulgence stands for a society that lets relatively free gratification of basic and natural human pushes related to enjoying life and having fun. Restraint stands for a society that suppresses gratification of needs and controls it by means of strict social norms. Restraint stands for a society that defeats enjoyment of needs and controls it by means of strict social rules. For instance, Australia has a score 71 in indulgence vs. restraint while Malaysia has a score of 57.
Reference

Geert Hofstede: the 6 Dimensions of National Culture

Group members:-

Salma Ahmed  – H00283751

Alyazi Helal – H00283271

Fatima Yousuf – H00256657

Manal Jassem – H00284191